PMID: 11911376Mar 26, 2002

Some recent advances on the study and understanding of the functional design of the avian lung: morphological and morphometric perspectives

Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
J N Maina

Abstract

The small highly aerobic avian species have morphometrically superior lungs while the large flightless ones have less well-refined lungs. Two parabronchial systems, i.e. the paleopulmo and neopulmo, occur in the lungs of relatively advanced birds. Although their evolution and development are not clear, understanding their presence is physiologically important particularly since the air- and blood flow patterns in them are different. Geometrically, the bulk air flow in the parabronchial lumen, i.e. in the longitudinal direction, and the flow of deoxygenated blood from the periphery, i.e. in a centripetal direction, are perpendicularly arranged to produce a cross-current relationship. Functionally, the blood capillaries in the avian lung constitute a multicapillary serial arterialization system. The amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchanged arises from many modest transactions that occur where air- and blood capillaries interface along the parabronchial lengths, an additive process that greatly enhances the respiratory efficiency. In some species of birds, an epithelial tumescence occurs at the terminal part of the extrapulmonary primary bronchi (EPPB). The swelling narrows the EPPB, conceivably allowing the shunting of inspi...Continue Reading

References

May 1, 1977·Respiration Physiology·J P HolleP Scheid
Jan 1, 1975·Tissue & Cell·B R Eisenberg, B A Mobley
Apr 1, 1978·Journal of Ultrastructure Research·O MathieuE R WEIBEL
Dec 1, 1975·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·R Penniall, J K Spitznagel
Feb 1, 1975·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Comparative Physiology·F L Carpenter
Nov 1, 1979·Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology·J GilE R WEIBEL
Sep 1, 1979·Respiration Physiology·P T MacklemP Scheid
May 1, 1978·Journal of Microscopy·H J GundersenR Osterby
Jan 24, 1977·Cell and Tissue Research·N H WestD R Jones
Apr 1, 1977·The Journal of Endocrinology·T MoriA Kambegawa
Apr 1, 1976·Respiration Physiology·E Lupi-HerreraN R Anthonisen
May 1, 1976·Respiration Physiology·V MolonyP Scheid
Jun 1, 1976·Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology·M DaddH Hughes
Oct 1, 1975·Experimental and Molecular Pathology·E Shelton, J M Orenstein
Mar 1, 1975·The Anatomical Record·S P Sorokin, J D Brain
Mar 1, 1975·Respiration Physiology·J Piiper, P Scheid
Apr 1, 1975·Respiration Physiology·M A Abdalla, A S KING
Jul 11, 1992·The Journal of Experimental Zoology·N WangF A Jenkins
Jul 29, 1991·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·J N MainaD M Hyde
May 1, 1991·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·W R Atchley, B K Hall
Jun 1, 1991·Respiration Physiology·R B BanzettJ P Butler
Jul 1, 1990·Journal of Microscopy·A MøllerH J Gundersen
Sep 1, 1990·Journal of Microscopy·T MattfeldtP Möller
Jan 1, 1990·Tissue & Cell·D B Chandler, A L Brannen
Jan 1, 1988·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·T ChonmaitreeS Baron
Nov 30, 1989·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·J N MainaG Settle
Jan 22, 1987·Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character·J SivakP McGill-Harelstad
Apr 1, 1989·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·D J Dehring, B L Wismar
Jan 1, 1988·Reproductive Toxicology·A R Scialli
Oct 1, 1988·APMIS : Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, Et Immunologica Scandinavica·H J GundersenB Pakkenberg
Oct 1, 1988·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·D B ChandlerW C Fuller
Jul 1, 1988·Journal of Microscopy·H J Gundersen
May 1, 1988·APMIS : Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, Et Immunologica Scandinavica·H J GundersenA Vesterby
Mar 1, 1988·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·J D Brain
May 1, 1988·Respiration Physiology·J P ButlerJ J Fredberg
May 1, 1988·Journal of Applied Physiology·J D CrapoE R WEIBEL
Sep 1, 1987·Journal of Microscopy·H J Gundersen, E B Jensen
Jan 1, 1986·Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology·J D Brain
Jan 1, 1987·Experimental Lung Research·D H Bowden
Feb 1, 1987·The American Journal of Anatomy·K I TimmwoodC G Plopper
Feb 1, 1987·The American Journal of Anatomy·K I TimmwoodC G Plopper
Dec 1, 1987·Respiration Physiology·R B BanzettJ H Jones
Jul 26, 1986·The Veterinary Record·F W Huchzermeyer, A M De Ruyck
Jul 1, 1986·The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy·G A Dette, H Knothe
Jan 1, 1985·International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology·R van Furth
Aug 1, 1985·Poultry Science·R E Ricklefs
Jan 1, 1985·Experimental Lung Research·S BurE R WEIBEL
Jan 1, 1985·Respiration Physiology·J H JonesK Schmidt-Nielsen
Feb 1, 1985·Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology·A E Smith
Apr 1, 1985·Journal of Applied Physiology·K YamaguchiJ Piiper
Jan 1, 1974·Acta Anatomica·C Walsh, J McLelland
Oct 1, 1974·Respiration Physiology·H R Duncker
Apr 1, 1973·Physiological Reviews·E R WEIBEL
Apr 1, 1973·Respiration Physiology·P L LutzK Schmidt-Nielsen
Jul 1, 1973·Respiration Physiology·G Kampe, E C Crawford
Oct 1, 1973·Journal of Reproduction and Fertility·M B Palmer, B Howarth
Jul 1, 1974·Poultry Science·R B Hayter, E L Besch
Jan 1, 1971·Physiological Reviews·H EliasD E Schwartz
Mar 1, 1972·Respiration Physiology·G M Hughes
Mar 1, 1972·Respiration Physiology·H R Duncker
Jul 1, 1972·Respiration Physiology·J Brackenbury
Jul 15, 1971·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry·N JacksonJ Pearce
Nov 1, 1971·Respiration Physiology·B SiegwartE R WEIBEL
May 1, 1970·Respiration Physiology·S M TENNEY, J B Tenney
Feb 1, 1970·The British Veterinary Journal·J W Macdonald
Jun 1, 1971·Archives of Internal Medicine·M A BrunstetterC E Cross
Feb 1, 1968·The Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry : Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society·S GolfischerL Hoffman
Jul 1, 1968·Journal of Applied Physiology·J D Brain, N R Frank
Apr 1, 1969·Respiration Physiology·P Scheid, J Piiper
Apr 22, 1969·Journal of Chromatography·J E Van Lier, L L Smith
Oct 1, 1965·The Journal of Cell Biology·D E RoundsF M Johnson
Dec 1, 1965·The Journal of Cell Biology·R A Ellis
Jan 1, 1966·Respiration Physiology·J Piiper, R S Sikand
Jan 1, 1983·Virchows Archiv. B, Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology·P AulenbacherR Süss
Aug 1, 1982·Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology·H BachofenE R WEIBEL
Dec 1, 1982·The Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science·P G HoltJ M Papadimitriou
Feb 1, 1983·Human Pathology·A Lasser
Jan 1, 1984·Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health·M Lippmann, R B Schlesinger
Nov 1, 1984·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·J Brackenbury
May 1, 1984·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·J Shellito, H B Kaltreider
Sep 1, 1983·Medical Hypotheses·H Elias
Dec 1, 1983·IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering·H T Castillo
Jan 1, 1983·European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology·J HegenauerR Green
Jul 1, 1984·The British Journal of Dermatology·M Prunieras, C Delescluse
Feb 1, 1980·Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology·R W MazzoneC M Durand
Mar 1, 1983·Respiration Physiology·F L Powell, R W Mazzone
May 1, 1981·Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology·M M GrantA Vinegar
Dec 1, 1980·The American Journal of Anatomy·H Elias, D M Hyde
Apr 1, 1982·Immunobiology·A Blussé van Oud Alblas, R van Furth
Jan 1, 1982·Acta Anatomica·J N MainaA S KING
Dec 1, 1982·Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology·J H Jones
Dec 1, 1982·Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology·G A Mensah, J D Brain
Oct 1, 1982·Respiration Physiology·J N MainaD Z King
Dec 1, 1980·Poultry Science·O J Fletcher
Oct 20, 1981·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·P A Stewart, M J Wiley
Aug 1, 1981·Respiration Physiology·J H JonesK Schmidt-Nielsen
Apr 1, 1980·Respiration Physiology·P GehrE R WEIBEL
Jan 1, 1996·Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation : Official Publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc·J E GrimesL Sneed
May 10, 2000·Physiological and Biochemical Zoology : PBZ·M KonarzewskiI R Wallis
Oct 1, 1955·Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine·M LANDY, A G JOHNSON
Jan 1, 1957·Acta Anatomica·A S KING
Aug 1, 1960·The American Journal of Cardiology·J D BRISTOWW A HAUG
Jan 1, 1962·Journal of Applied Physiology·N C STAUBR E FORSTER
Jan 1, 1964·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·G M GREEN, E H KASS
Jun 1, 1964·The Journal of Cell Biology·E R WEIBEL, B W KNIGHT
Oct 1, 1964·Perceptual and Motor Skills·P MASLOWJ R WHITTLESEY
Oct 15, 1950·Experientia·H HELLER
Jul 19, 1952·Nature·H CAMPBELL, S I TOMKEIEFF
Dec 1, 1960·Annals of Surgery·H A BlakeF C Spencer
Jan 1, 1986·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·M H MaxwellS Spence
Jan 1, 1986·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·M H MaxwellS Spence
Sep 1, 1989·TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik·S S Chong, J R Vielkind

Citations

Jun 23, 2004·American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology·John S Torday, Virender K Rehan
Oct 20, 2011·BMC Veterinary Research·Kristin MühldorferGudrun Wibbelt
Jul 5, 2011·Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences·M SmiałekA Koncicki
Oct 19, 2010·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·L A BeernaertA Martel
Jul 10, 2012·Zoology : Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS·J Matthias StarckMichael Pees
Apr 19, 2011·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·M CanalsP Sabat
Jun 6, 2009·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology·Seyed-Mohammadreza SamaeeHerbert Lindner
May 23, 2006·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Roger S SeymourR V Baudinette
Apr 2, 2013·Developmental and Comparative Immunology·Eveline D de Geus, Lonneke Vervelde
Jun 17, 2016·Biological Research·Mbuvi P MutuaMuita M Gicheru
Mar 25, 2016·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·Abdur Rahman AnsariHua-Zhen Liu
Dec 19, 2017·Anatomia, histologia, embryologia·C CasteleynP Simoens
Apr 14, 2006·Veterinary Research·Sven ReeseBernd Kaspers
Oct 6, 2004·The Journal of Small Animal Practice·K Eatwell
Aug 20, 2010·Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics : CQ : the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees·Fabrizio Turoldo
May 4, 2018·Nature·Daniel J FieldBhart-Anjan S Bhullar
Jan 9, 2015·Biology Letters·Markus LambertzS F Perry
Mar 17, 2020·Journal of Anatomy·Ciska BakkerenWilliam K Milsom
Apr 3, 2012·The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists·Eveline D de GeusLonneke Vervelde

Related Concepts

Aves
Lung

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.