PMID: 8367792Jan 1, 1993Paper

Sonographic quantitative analysis of the heart in the third trimester of gestation

Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA
C A Mandarim-de-Lacerda, E M Boasquevisque


The fetal heart was studied with transabdominal sonography in 40 single normal pregnancies to analyze the increase of cardiac length and width (major longitudinal and transverse diameters of the heart) during the third trimester. Relationships between the cardiac data and fetal age, femur length and biparietal diameter (BPD) were explored by allometry and linear regression analysis. The length and width of the heart could be measured reproducibly in the 4-chamber view of the heart. This study verified that the heart grows very rapidly during the third trimester (positive allometry). The linear increase of the fetal heart shows a strong and significant correlation with the increase of both femur length and BPD. This suggests that non invasive analysis of cardiac data can be useful for prenatal detection of congenital heart disease or for the assessment of gestational age.


Jan 1, 1991·Acta Anatomica·C A Mandarim-de-Lacerda
Jan 1, 1991·Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation·L A IzquierdoL B Curet
Sep 1, 1991·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·L A Dolkart, F T Reimers
Mar 1, 1991·AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology·J P McGahan
Jan 1, 1991·The Journal of Pediatrics·H S WeberC S Kleinman
Jan 1, 1986·American Journal of Perinatology·S YagelY Jlaser
Oct 1, 1987·International Journal of Cardiology·L AlvarezJ A Contreras
Nov 1, 1966·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·S J Gould

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Dec 31, 1993·Early Human Development·C A Mandarim-de-Lacerda
Nov 27, 2001·Health Education & Behavior : the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education·M A MacDonald, L W Green

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Birth Defects

Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.