Sorafenib-induced premalignant and malignant skin lesions

International Journal of Dermatology
Victoria L WilliamsDavid J Stewart

Abstract

To review characteristics of patients who develop premalignant and malignant skin lesions while on sorafenib therapy and discuss implications for subsequent treatment of their primary malignancies. Sorafenib is a newly developed multitargeted protein kinase inhibitor reported to induce a variety of adverse cutaneous effects, rarely including actinic keratoses, keratocanthomas, and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Published reports of individuals who have developed cutaneous lesions demonstrating atypia of the epidermis are reviewed. In addition, a 77-year-old man who developed not only an SCC but also verrucas within one month of taking sorafenib monotherapy for metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung is described. Cutaneous lesions develop most commonly in Caucasian men older than 40 years without previous histories of skin cancer, within two weeks to three years of starting sorafenib therapy. Currently there is no definitive explanation for the relationship between sorafenib and cutaneous neoplasms. Management typically involves treatment of skin lesions with cryotherapy or excision with at least a brief discontinuation of sorafenib. In patients whose primary malignancies were responding well, sorafenib therapy was continued wi...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Nexavar
Antineoplastic Agents
Benzenesulfonates
Enduramide
Phenylurea Compounds
Condition, Preneoplastic
Pyridines
Malignant Neoplasm of Skin
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Actins

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