Dec 3, 2014

Source apportionment of synchronously size segregated fine and coarse particulate matter, using an improved three-way factor analysis model

The Science of the Total Environment
Guo-Liang ShiYin-Chang Feng


Samples of PM₁₀ and PM₂.₅ were synchronously collected from a megacity in China (Chengdu) during the 2011 sampling campaign and then analyzed by an improved three-way factor analysis method based on ME2 (multilinear engine 2), to investigate the contributions and size distributions of the source categories for size segregated particulate matter (PM). Firstly, the synthetic test was performed to evaluate the accuracy of the improved three-way model. The same five source categories with slightly different source profiles were caught. The low AAE (average absolute error) values between the estimated and the synthetic source contributions (<15%) and the approachable estimated PM₂.₅/PM₁₀ ratios with the simulated ratios might indicate that the results of the improved three-way factor analysis might be satisfactory. Then, for the ambient PM samples, the mean levels were 206.65 ± 69.90 μg/m(3) (PM₁₀) and 130.47 ± 43.67 μg/m(3) (PM₂.₅). The average ratio of PM₂.₅/PM₁₀ was 0.63. PM₁₀ and PM₂.₅ in Chengdu were influenced by the same source categories and their percentage contributions were in the same order: crustal dust & coal combustion presented the highest percentage contributions, accounting for 58.20% (PM₁₀) and 53.73% (PM2.5); fol...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Air Pollutants, Environmental
Particle Size
Chemical Analysis
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Environmental Monitoring
Silo (Dataset)

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