PMID: 3180901Nov 1, 1988

Sources of error in flow-volume curves. Effect of expired volume measured at the mouth vs that measured in a body plethysmograph

Chest
A L CoatesP H Beaudry

Abstract

The popularity of the maximum expiratory flow-volume curve (FVC) is in part due to the effort independence of expiratory flow. Of interest are expiratory flow rates at specific lung volumes, usually 50 and 25 percent of vital capacity (VC); Vmax50 and Vmax25, which make accurate assessment of lung volumes essential. Changes in lung volume during the test are due to both the volume of gas expired and the volume change due to gas compression (Vcomp). In normal subjects, Vcomp is small but may be considerable in those with airflow obstruction. When the FVC is measured in a plethysmograph (FVCp), both expired volume and Vcomp are measured. When the volume of the FVC is derived from gas expired at the mouth (FVCm), Vcomp is not considered and differences in Vmax25 or Vmax50 may occur. The magnitude of these errors was assessed in 30 children and young adults: nine normal subjects, ten with cystic fibrosis (CF) and 11 with asthma. For Vmax50, use of FVCm instead of FVCp resulted in an error of 8 +/- 7 percent (mean +/- 1 SD) in the normal subjects compared to 32 +/- 23 in those with CF (p less than 0.01) and 24 +/- 18 for those with asthma (p less than 0.05). For Vmax25, the errors were similar. These errors were not predictable from...Continue Reading

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May 1, 1992·Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing·P Gizdulich
Aug 19, 2007·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Scott J ButcherStewart R Petersen
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Related Concepts

Asthma
Pulmonary Cystic Fibrosis
Forced Expiratory Flow Rates
Lung Volume Measurements
Maximal Expiratory Flow-Volume Curves
Plethysmography, Whole Body

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