DOI: 10.1101/489245Dec 6, 2018Paper

Sparse Bayesian learning for predicting phenotypes and ranking influential markers in yeast

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Maryam Ayat, Michael Domaratzki

Abstract

Genomic selection and genome-wide association studies are two related problems that can be applied to the plant breeding industry. Genomic selection is a method to predict phenotypes (i.e., traits) such as yield and drought resistance in crops from high-density markers positioned throughout the genome of the varieties. In this paper, we employ employ sparse Bayesian learning as a technique for genomic selection and ranking markers based on their relevance to a trait, which can aid in genome-wide association studies. We define and explore two different forms of the sparse Bayesian learning for predicting phenotypes and identifying the most influential markers of a trait, respectively. In particular, we introduce a new framework based on sparse Bayesian and ensemble learning for ranking influential markers of a trait. Then, we apply our methods on a real-world \textit{Saccharomyces cerevisiae} dataset, and analyse our results with respect to existing related works, trait heritability, as well as the accuracies obtained from the use of different kernel functions including linear, Gaussian, and string kernels. We find that sparse Bayesian methods are not only as good as other machine learning methods in predicting yeast growth in d...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Breeding
Environment
Genome
Learning
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Selection, Genetic
Yeasts
Crops, Agricultural
Population Group

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