Spatial Attention and Temporal Expectation Exert Differential Effects on Visual and Auditory Discrimination.

Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Anna WilschSaskia Haegens

Abstract

Anticipation of an impending stimulus shapes the state of the sensory systems, optimizing neural and behavioral responses. Here, we studied the role of brain oscillations in mediating spatial and temporal anticipations. Because spatial attention and temporal expectation are often associated with visual and auditory processing, respectively, we directly contrasted the visual and auditory modalities and asked whether these anticipatory mechanisms are similar in both domains. We recorded the magnetoencephalogram in healthy human participants performing an auditory and visual target discrimination task, in which cross-modal cues provided both temporal and spatial information with regard to upcoming stimulus presentation. Motivated by prior findings, we were specifically interested in delta (1-3 Hz) and alpha (8-13 Hz) band oscillatory state in anticipation of target presentation and their impact on task performance. Our findings support the view that spatial attention has a stronger effect in the visual domain, whereas temporal expectation effects are more prominent in the auditory domain. For the spatial attention manipulation, we found a typical pattern of alpha lateralization in the visual system, which correlated with response ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 29, 2021·Scientific Reports·Cora Kubetschek, Christoph Kayser
Jan 1, 2020·Language, Cognition and Neuroscience·Saskia Haegens
Mar 28, 2021·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Wy Ming LinSaskia Haegens
May 5, 2021·PLoS Biology·Keith B Doelling, M Florencia Assaneo
May 12, 2021·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Daniel SchneiderMalte Wöstmann

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