Spatial Capture-Recapture for Categorically Marked Populations with An Application to Genetic Capture-Recapture

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ben AugustineMarcella Kelly

Abstract

Recently introduced unmarked spatial capture-recapture (SCR), spatial mark-resight (SMR), and 2-flank spatial partial identity models (SPIM) extend the domain of SCR to populations or observation systems that do not always allow for individual identity to be determined with certainty. For example, some species do not have natural marks that can reliably produce individual identities from photographs, and some methods of observation produce partial identity samples as is the case with remote cameras that sometimes produce single flank photographs. These models share the feature that they probabilistically resolve the uncertainty in individual identity using the spatial location where samples were collected. Spatial location is informative of individual identity in spatially structured populations with home range sizes smaller than the extent of the trapping array because a latent identity sample is more likely to have been produced by an individual living near the trap where it was recorded than an individual living further away from the trap. Further, the level of information about individual identity that a spatial location contains is determined by two key ecological concepts, population density and home range size. The numbe...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Classification
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Spatial Distribution
Incision of Flank
Ursus americanus
Home Environment
Size
Genetic Loci
Simulation
Spatial Design

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