Feb 2, 2017

Spatial Factors Affecting the Frequency of Pedestrian Traffic Crashes: A Systematic Review

Archives of Trauma Research
Ali MoradiEnsiyeh Jamshidi

Abstract

Considering the importance of pedestrian traffic crashes and the role of environmental factors in the frequency of crashes, this paper aimed to review the published evidence and synthesize the results of related studies for the associations between environmental factors and distribution of pedestrian-vehicular traffic crashes. We searched all epidemiological studies from 1966 to 2015 in electronic databases. We found 2,828 studies. Only 15 observational studies out of these studies met the inclusion criteria of the study. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology (STROBE) checklist. A review of the studies showed significant correlations between a large number of spatial variables including student population and the number of schools, population density, traffic volume, roadway density, socio-economic status, number of intersections, and the pedestrian volume and the dependent variable of the frequency of pedestrian traffic crashes. In the studies, some spatial factors that play an important role in determining the frequency of pedestrian traffic crashes, such as facilities for increasing the pedestrians' safety were ignored. It is proposed t...Continue Reading

  • References6
  • Citations1

References

  • References6
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Latin American
Study
Observational Study
Research
Spatial Distribution
Traffic Accidents
Student
Observation - Diagnostic Procedure
Epidemiologic Studies
Epidemiology

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