Mar 26, 2020

Toxoplasmicidal in vitro effect of dehydroepiandrosterone on Toxoplasma gondii extracellular tachizoytes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
S. Muniz-HernandezJorge Morales-Montor

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the apicomplexa protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. This disease is a health burden, mainly in pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals, in whom they can cause death. Despite advances in the medical area, nowadays there are no new drugs to treat toxoplasmosis. The standard therapy to toxoplasmosis has not had progress for last seven decades; it is a combination of sulfadiazine-pyrimethamine (S-P); which is co-administered with folic acid due to the adverse effects of the drug. Several studies have shown that the conventional treatment has limited effectiveness and severe adverse effects. Thus, the search of better treatments with greater efficacy and without the adverse effects becomes relevant. In the current work we demonstrate for the first time the parasiticidal effect of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a steroid hormone produced by many mammals, on extracellular tachyzoites (the infective stage of T. gondii). In vitro treatment with DHEA reduces the viability of extracellular tachyzoites, and both the active and passive invasion processes. The ultrastructural analysis of treated parasites showed that DHEA alters the cytoskeleton structures, leading in the lost of the o...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Study
Genome
Genes
Location
Local
Simulation
Analysis
Locus
Genotype Determination

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