Mar 7, 2018

Spatial population genetic structure of a bacterial parasite in close coevolution with its host

Molecular Ecology
Jason P AndrasDieter Ebert

Abstract

Knowledge of a species' population genetic structure can provide insight into fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes including gene flow, genetic drift and adaptive evolution. Such inference is of particular importance for parasites, as an understanding of their population structure can illuminate epidemiological and coevolutionary dynamics. Here, we describe the population genetic structure of the bacterium Pasteuria ramosa, a parasite that infects planktonic crustaceans of the genus Daphnia. This system has become a model for investigations of host-parasite interactions and represents an example of coevolution via negative frequency-dependent selection (aka "Red Queen" dynamics). To sample P. ramosa, we experimentally infected a panel of Daphnia hosts with natural spore banks from the sediments of 25 ponds throughout much of the species range in Europe and western Asia. Using 12 polymorphic variable number tandem repeat loci (VNTR loci), we identified substantial genetic diversity, both within and among localities, that was structured geographically among ponds. Genetic diversity was also structured among host genotypes within ponds, although this pattern varied by locality, with P. ramosa at some localities partit...Continue Reading

  • References46
  • Citations1

References

  • References46
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Genetic Drift
Variable Number of Tandem Repeats
Gene Polymorphism
Study
Host-Parasite Interactions
IK gene
Research
Campanula ramosa
Class crustacea
Genetics, Population

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