Spatial scale dependent in-phase and anti-phase directional biases in the perception of self-organized motion patterns

Vision Research
H S Hock, G W Balz

Abstract

A long row of evenly spaced dots is displaced on successive frames by half the distance between the dots. Although these stimuli are directionally ambiguous, spatially and temporally coherent unidirectional and oscillatory motion patterns are perceived as a result of the temporal persistence of competing in-phase and anti-phase directional biases, respectively. The perceiver's spatial scale is critical is determining whether dots are near enough to favor an in-phase bias or far enough apart to favor an anti-phase bias. The results are explained by a differential-gradient model of cooperative interaction, which specifies that the strength of facilitating (excitatory) interactions among motion detectors with similar directional selectivity falls off with distance at a greater rate than the strength of competing inhibiting interactions.

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Citations

Mar 7, 2012·Visual Neuroscience·Lori B DanielsHoward S Hock
Dec 29, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Paul Azzopardi, Howard S Hock
Aug 4, 2009·Acta Psychologica·Howard S HockLee Gilroy
Oct 1, 1995·Vision Research·T Watanabe, R Cole

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