Spatial scale dictates the productivity-biodiversity relationship

Nature
Jonathan M Chase, Mathew A Leibold

Abstract

The diversity of life is heterogeneously distributed across the Earth. A primary cause for this pattern is the heterogeneity in the amount of energy, or primary productivity (the rate of carbon fixed through photosynthesis), available to the biota in a given location. But the shape of the relationship between productivity and species diversity is highly variable. In many cases, the relationship is 'hump-shaped', where diversity peaks at intermediate productivity. In other cases, diversity increases linearly with productivity. A possible reason for this discrepancy is that data are often collected at different spatial scales. If the mechanisms that determine species diversity vary with spatial scale, then so would the shape of the productivity-diversity relationship. Here, we present evidence for scale-dependent productivity-diversity patterns in ponds. When the data were viewed at a local scale (among ponds), the relationship was hump-shaped, whereas when the same data were viewed at a regional scale (among watersheds), the relationship was positively linear. This dependence on scale results because dissimilarity in local species composition within regions increased with productivity.

References

Aug 17, 1999·Nature·M E Ritchie, H Olff
May 23, 2000·Nature·K J Gaston
Nov 1, 1987·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Thomas Mitchell-Olds, Ruth G Shaw

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

May 24, 2005·Oecologia·Michael D JenningsMark R Stromberg
Jun 22, 2005·Oecologia·Joanna C GascoigneMichel J Kaiser
Mar 8, 2005·Journal of Environmental Management·Andrew J Hamilton
Oct 25, 2003·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Joshua S Weitz, Daniel H Rothman
Jun 4, 2010·PLoS Biology·Oswald J Schmitz
Aug 19, 2011·PloS One·Jenni J KorhonenJanne Soininen
Feb 6, 2013·PloS One·Yi-Chen WangMyron Shekelle
Dec 5, 2013·PloS One·Martin BarrufolPascal A Niklaus
Mar 14, 2014·PloS One·Paul T LeisnhamSteven A Juliano
Oct 19, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jonathan M Chase
Aug 13, 2004·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Aletta BonnKevin J Gaston
Sep 28, 2006·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Simon M SmartLeslie G Firbank
Sep 28, 2006·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Sophia I Passy, Pierre Legendre
Mar 26, 2010·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Patrick A VenailNicolas Mouquet
Jul 16, 2010·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Robert PtacnikEva Willén
Oct 29, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Ethan P WhiteS Kathleen Lyons
Oct 29, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·M Aaron MacNeilTim R McClanahan
Jul 20, 2011·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Jonathan M Chase, Jonathan A Myers
Dec 14, 2011·The ISME Journal·Silke LangenhederAnna J Székely
Jun 25, 2004·Nature·Xabier IrigoienRoger P Harris
Sep 24, 2011·Science·Peter B AdlerLouie H Yang
Oct 11, 2005·Environmental Management·Paul RobbinsJennifer Rice
Mar 18, 2004·The American Naturalist·Jonathan W MooreKathryn A McDonald
Dec 9, 2008·The American Naturalist·David C KrakauerDouglas H Erwin
May 9, 2008·The American Naturalist·Tariq Gardezi, Andrew Gonzalez
Jan 17, 2008·The American Naturalist·Daniel L Roelke, Peter M Eldridge
Aug 3, 2012·The American Naturalist·Grace E P Murphy, Tamara N Romanuk
May 11, 2006·The American Naturalist·Ronen Kadmon, Yuval Benjamini

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.