Spatial signature of white matter hyperintensities in stroke patients

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Markus D SchirmerNatalia S Rost

Abstract

Purpose: White matter hyperintensity (WMH) is a common phenotype across a variety of neurological diseases, particularly prevalent in stroke patients; however, vascular territory dependent variation in WMH burden has not yet been identified. Here, we sought to investigate the spatial specificity of WMH burden in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Materials and Methods: We created a novel age-appropriate high-resolution brain template and anatomically delineated the cerebral vascular territories. We used WMH masks derived from the clinical T2 FLAIR MRI scans and spatial normalization of the template to discriminate between WMH volume within each subject's anterior cerebral artery (ACA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territories. Linear regression modeling including age, sex, common vascular risk factors, and TOAST stroke subtypes was used to assess for spatial specificity of WMH volume (WMHv) in a cohort of 882 AIS patients. Results: Mean age of this cohort was 65.23+/-14.79 years, 61.7% were male, 63.6% were hypertensive, 35.8% never smoked. Mean WMHv was 11.58c +/-13.49 cc. There were significant differences in territory-specific, relative to global, WMH burden. In contrast to PCA te...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cerebral Angiography
Pathology
Spatial Distribution
Cerebrovascular Accident
Structure of Anterior Cerebral Artery
Structure of Middle Cerebral Artery
White protein, Drosophila
Subtype (Attribute)
Size
Neurodegenerative Disorders

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