May 2, 2016

SPATIALLY EXPLICIT MODELS TO INVESTIGATE GEOGRAPHIC PATTERNS IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF FORENSIC STRs

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Francesco MessinaAndrea Novelletto

Abstract

Human forensic STRs are used for individual identification but have been reported to have little power for inter-population analyses. Several methods have been developed which incorporate information on the spatial distribution of individuals to arrive at a description of the arrangement of diversity. We genotyped at 16 forensic STRs a large population sample obtained from many locations in Italy, Greece and Turkey, i.e. three countries seldom represented together in previous studies. Using spatial PCA on the full dataset, we detected patterns of population affinities in the area similar to those of genome-wide SNP and STR studies. Additionally, we devised objective criteria to reduce the overall complexity into reduced datasets. Independent spatially explicit methods applied to these latter datasets converged in showing that the extraction of information on long- to medium-range geographical trends and structuring from the overall diversity is possible. All analyses returned the picture of a background clinal variation, with regional discontinuities captured by each of the reduced datasets. These coincided with the main bodies of water, i.e. the Adriatic/Ionian and the Aegean Seas. High levels of gene flow were inferred within...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Genome
Genes
Spatial Distribution
Extraction
Description
Location
Local
Simulation
Analysis

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