Spatiotemporal expression of FRIGIDA modulate flowering time in Arabidopsis thaliana

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Xiangxiang KongXiangyang Hu

Abstract

FRIGIDA (FRI) as the major regulator of flowering time in Arabidopsis accessions can activate its target FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) to delay flowering before vernalization. Besides FLC, other FRI targets also exist in Arabidopsis. Although leaves sense environmental cues to modulate flowering time, it is not known if roots also regulate the floral transition. In this study, we investigated the spatiotemporal effect of FRI on flowering time. Local expression of FRI in the phloem and leaves activated FLC to delay flowering. Furthermore, we found that local expression of FRI in the roots also delayed flowering by activating other targets MADS AFFECTING FLOWERING4 (MAF4) and MAF5 in the roots. Graft and genetic experiments revealed that the spatial expression of FRI in the root might generate a mobile signal, which is transmitted from roots to shoot and antagonizes the FT signal to delay flowering. Specifically expressing FRI in the embryo efficiently delayed flowering, even expressing FRI as early as pro-embryo stage is enough to upregulate FLC expression to delay flowering. Together, our findings confirm the spatiotemporal effect of FRI on delaying flowering, and propose that root tissue also perceives the flowering signal to fine-t...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Embryo
Environment
Arabidopsis thaliana <plant>
Plant Leaves
Plant Roots
Plant Shoots
Transplanted Tissue
Research Study
FLF protein, Arabidopsis
FRI protein, Arabidopsis

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