Specialized delivery room planning for fetuses with critical congenital heart disease

The American Journal of Cardiology
Mary T DonofrioJohn T Berger

Abstract

Improvements in fetal echocardiography have increased recognition of fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD) that require specialized delivery room (DR) care. In this study, care protocols for these low-volume and high-risk deliveries were created. Elements included (1) diagnosis-specific DR care plans and algorithms, (2) a multidisciplinary team with expertise, (3) simulation, (4) checklists, and (5) debriefing. The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of fetal echocardiography to predict the need for specialized DR care and determine the effectiveness of the care protocols for the treatment of patients with critical CHD. Fetal and postnatal medical records and echocardiograms of fetuses with CHD assigned to an advanced level of care were reviewed. Safety and outcome variables were analyzed to determine care plan and algorithm efficacy. Thirty-four fetuses were identified: 12 delivered at Children's National Medical Center and 22 at the adult hospital. Diagnoses included hypoplastic left heart syndrome, aortic stenosis, d-transposition of the great arteries, tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve, complex pulmonary atresia, arrhythmias, ectopia cordis, and conjoined twins. Delivery at Children's Nation...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Delivery Rooms
2D Echocardiography
Fetal Structures
Gestational Age
Congenital Heart Defects
Retrospective Studies
Fetal Ultrasonography
Critical Illness
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Arteries

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