Species are fundamental units of comparison in biology. The newly discovered importance and ubiquity of host-associated microorganisms are now stimulating work on the roles that microbes can play in animal speciation. We previously synthesized the literature and advanced concepts of speciation by symbiosis with notable attention to hybrid sterility and lethality. Here, we review recent studies and relevant data on microbes as players in host behavior and behavioral isolation, emphasizing the patterns seen in these analyses and highlighting areas worthy of additional exploration. We conclude that the role of microbial symbionts in behavior and speciation is gaining exciting traction and that the holobiont and hologenome concepts afford an evolving intellectual framework to promote research and intellectual exchange between disciplines such as behavior, microbiology, genetics, symbiosis, and speciation. Given the increasing centrality of microbiology in macroscopic life, microbial symbiosis is arguably the most neglected aspect of animal and plant speciation, and studying it should yield a better understanding of the origin of species.
Wolbachia-mediated parthenogenesis in the predatory thrips Franklinothrips vespiformis (Thysanoptera: Insecta)
How can sex ratio distorters reach extreme prevalences? Male-killing Wolbachia are not suppressed and have near-perfect vertical transmission efficiency in Acraea encedon
Multiple infection with Wolbachia inducing different reproductive manipulations in the butterfly Eurema hecabe
A cost of Wolbachia-induced sex reversal and female-biased sex ratios: decrease in female fertility after sperm depletion in a terrestrial isopod
Bidirectional cytoplasmic incompatibility and the stable coexistence of two Wolbachia strains in parapatric host populations
Sexual functionality of Leptopilina clavipes (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) after reversing Wolbachia-induced parthenogenesis
Influence of antibiotic treatment and Wolbachia curing on sexual isolation among Drosophila melanogaster cage populations
Community heritability measures the evolutionary consequences of indirect genetic effects on community structure
Feminizing Wolbachia in Zyginidia pullula (Insecta, Hemiptera), a leafhopper with an XX/X0 sex-determination system
Unexpected mechanism of symbiont-induced reversal of insect sex: feminizing Wolbachia continuously acts on the butterfly Eurema hecabe during larval development
Bidirectional incompatibility among divergent Wolbachia and incompatibility level differences among closely related Wolbachia in Nasonia
Wood-feeding cockroaches as models for termite evolution (Insecta: Dictyoptera): Cryptocercus vs. Parasphaeria boleiriana
Evidence that androstadienone, a putative human chemosignal, modulates women's attributions of men's attractiveness
The bacterial symbiont Wolbachia induces resistance to RNA viral infections in Drosophila melanogaster
A new case of Wolbachia dependence in the genus Asobara: evidence for parthenogenesis induction in Asobara japonica
Give us the tools and we will do the job: symbiotic bacteria affect olive fly fitness in a diet-dependent fashion
Individuality in gut microbiota composition is a complex polygenic trait shaped by multiple environmental and host genetic factors
Infectious speciation revisited: impact of symbiont-depletion on female fitness and mating behavior of Drosophila paulistorum
The value of an egg: resource reallocation in ladybirds (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) infected with male-killing bacteria
The secret languages of coevolved symbioses: insights from the Euprymna scolopes-Vibrio fischeri symbiosis
Molecular characterization of the microbial communities in the subcaudal gland secretion of the European badger (Meles meles)
Still a host of hosts for Wolbachia: analysis of recent data suggests that 40% of terrestrial arthropod species are infected
Factors associated with the diversification of the gut microbial communities within chimpanzees from Gombe National Park
A Western diet ecological module identified from the 'humanized' mouse microbiota predicts diet in adults and formula feeding in children
Chemosensation of bacterial secondary metabolites modulates neuroendocrine signaling and behavior of C. elegans
The evolution of sex ratio distorter suppression affects a 25 cM genomic region in the butterfly Hypolimnas bolina
The gut microbiota appears to compensate for seasonal diet variation in the wild black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra)
Always follow your nose: the functional significance of social chemosignals in human reproduction and survival
Analysis of intestinal microbiota in hybrid house mice reveals evolutionary divergence in a vertebrate hologenome
Spatial variations in the microbial community structure and diversity of the human foot is associated with the production of odorous volatiles
Choosing mates based on the diet of your ancestors: replication of non-genetic assortative mating in Drosophila melanogaster
Insect Sex Determination Manipulated by Their Endosymbionts: Incidences, Mechanisms and Implications
Gut microbial ecology of lizards: insights into diversity in the wild, effects of captivity, variation across gut regions and transmission
Evolutionary Genetics of Cytoplasmic Incompatibility Genes cifA and cifB in Prophage WO of Wolbachia
Diet, Gut Microbes and Host Mate Choice: Understanding the significance of microbiome effects on host mate choice requires a case by case evaluation
Bacterial microbiome of the chigger mite Leptotrombidium imphalum varies by life stage and infection with the scrub typhus pathogen Orientia tsutsugamushi
Evidence for host effect on the intestinal microbiota of whitefish (Coregonus sp.) species pairs and their hybrids
Tissue- and Population-Level Microbiome Analysis of the Wasp Spider Argiope bruennichi Identified a Novel Dominant Bacterial Symbiont
The effect of Wolbachia on gene expression in Drosophila paulistorum and its implications for symbiont-induced host speciation
Cellular Localization of Two Rickettsia Symbionts in the Digestive System and within the Ovaries of the Mirid Bug, Macrolophous pygmaeus
Bacterial communities within Phengaris (Maculinea) alcon caterpillars are shifted following transition from solitary living to social parasitism of Myrmica ant colonies
Two-By-One model of cytoplasmic incompatibility: Synthetic recapitulation by transgenic expression of cifA and cifB in Drosophila
Symbionts do not affect the mating incompatibility between the Brazilian-1 and Peruvian morphotypes of the Anastrepha fraterculus cryptic species complex
Delta Hemolysin and Phenol-Soluble Modulins, but Not Alpha Hemolysin or Panton-Valentine Leukocidin, Induce Mast Cell Activation
Prokaryotic horizontal gene transfer within the human holobiont: ecological-evolutionary inferences, implications and possibilities
The effect of diet on the structure of gut bacterial community of sympatric pair of whitefishes (Coregonus lavaretus ): one story more
Phylogeography and Ecological Niche Shape the Cichlid Fish Gut Microbiota in Central American and African Lakes
A part-dependent account of biological individuality: why holobionts are individuals and ecosystems simultaneously
Chromosomal localization of Wolbachia inserts in the genomes of two subspecies of Chorthippus parallelus forming a Pyrenean hybrid zone
Nuclear and Wolbachia-based multimarker approach for the rapid and accurate identification of tsetse species
Detecting Associations Between Ciliated Protists and Prokaryotes with Culture-Independent Single-Cell Microbiomics: a Proof-of-Concept Study
Gene expression remodelling and immune response during adaptive divergence in an African cichlid fish
Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.
Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis
Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.
Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.
Neural Activity: Imaging
Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.
Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.
Cell Atlas of the Human Eye
Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.
Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.
STING Receptor Agonists
Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.