Oct 9, 2014

The genetic architecture of emerging fungicide resistance in populations of a global wheat pathogen

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Graham R JonesDaniel Croll


Containing fungal diseases often depends on the application of fungicidal compounds. Fungicides can rapidly lose effectiveness due to the rise of resistant individuals in populations. However, the lack of knowledge about resistance mutations beyond known target genes challenges investigations into pathways to resistance. We used whole-genome sequencing data and association mapping to reveal the multilocus genetic architecture of fungicide resistance in a global panel of 159 isolates of Parastagonospora nodorum , an important fungal pathogen of wheat. We found significant differences in azole resistance among global field populations. The populations evolved distinctive combinations of resistance alleles which can interact synergistically. We identified 34 significantly associated SNPs located in close proximity to genes associated with fungicide resistance in other fungi, including an MFS transporter. Using fungal colony growth rates and melanin production at different temperatures as fitness proxies, we found no evidence that resistance was constrained by genetic trade-offs. Our study demonstrates how genome-wide association studies of a global collection of pathogen strains can recapitulate the emergence of fungicide resistan...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

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