Species differences in the metabolism of benzene

Environmental Health Perspectives
R F Henderson

Abstract

The pathways of metabolism of benzene appear to be qualitatively similar in all species studied thus far. However, there are quantitative differences in the fraction of benzene metabolized by the different pathways. These species differences become important for risk assessments based on animal data. Mice have a greater overall capacity to metabolize benzene than rats or primates, based on mass balance studies conducted in vivo using radiolabled benzene. Mice and monkeys metabolize more of the benzene to hydroquinone metabolites than do rats or chimpanzees, especially at low doses. Nonhuman primates metabolize less of the benzene to muconic acid than do rodents or humans. In all species studied, a greater proportion of benzene is converted to hydroquinone and ring-breakage metabolites at low doses than at high doses. This finding should be considered in attempting to extrapolate the toxicity of benzene observed at high doses to predicted toxicity at low doses. Because ring-breakage metabolites and hydroquinone have both been implicated in the toxicity of benzene, the higher formation of those metabolites in the mouse may partially explain why mice are more sensitive to benzene than are rats. Metabolism of benzene in humans, the...Continue Reading

References

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Dec 1, 1993·Carcinogenesis·P M SchlosserM A Medinsky

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Citations

Jul 1, 2009·Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology·Shanthinie RavindranMalcolm Tingle
Jan 1, 2009·Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology·Shanthinie RavindranMalcolm Tingle
Sep 28, 2007·Toxicology·S M D MacedoS H P Farsky
Nov 7, 2007·Human & Experimental Toxicology·Haseeb Ahmad Khan
Mar 3, 2004·Human & Experimental Toxicology·Chaitali Sinha, Girja S Shukla
May 1, 2001·Current Protocols in Toxicology·T M Burbacher, K S Grant
Sep 16, 2003·Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology·Clifford P WeiselGisela Witz
Oct 9, 2009·Toxicological Sciences : an Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology·Helen J Badham, Louise M Winn
Oct 14, 2010·Critical Reviews in Toxicology·David GalbraithDennis Paustenbach
Jan 26, 2013·Critical Reviews in Toxicology·Scott M ArnoldA Robert Schnatter
Oct 15, 2010·International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology·I BorrelliM Triggiani
Jan 1, 2008·Biomarker Insights·Han-Jin ParkS V S Rana
Dec 1, 1998·Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Sciences and Applications·G SchererM Meger

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