Species diversity is dynamic and unbounded at local and continental scales

The American Naturalist
Luke J Harmon, Susan P Harrison

Abstract

We argue that biotas at scales from local communities to entire continents are nearly always open to new species and that their diversities are far from any ecological limits. We show that the fossil, phylogenetic, and morphological evidence that has been used to suggest that ecological processes set limits to diversity in evolutionary time is weak and inconsistent. At the same time, ecological evidence from biological invasions, experiments, and diversity analyses strongly supports the openness of communities to new species. We urge evolutionary biologists to recognize that ecology has largely moved beyond simple notions of equilibrium at a carrying capacity and toward a richer view of communities as highly dynamic in space and time.

References

Apr 7, 1995·Science·Michael J Benton
Jun 18, 2004·Nature·Ronald H KarlsonTerence P Hughes
May 17, 2006·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·John J Wiens, Michael J Donoghue
Mar 16, 2007·Ecology Letters·Gary G MittelbachMichael Turelli
Jul 21, 2007·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Dov F SaxWilliam R Rice
Mar 28, 2008·PLoS Biology·Albert B Phillimore, Trevor D Price
Apr 2, 2008·Ecology·Shu-Rong Zhou, Da-Yong Zhang
Jul 5, 2008·Science·John AlroyChristy C Visaggi
Oct 29, 2008·The American Naturalist·Robert E Ricklefs
Sep 3, 2009·Ecology Letters·Jonathan A Myers, Kyle E Harms
Feb 27, 2010·The American Naturalist·Allen H Hurlbert, Walter Jetz
Jun 16, 2010·Systematic Biology·Natalie Cusimano, Susanne S Renner
Jun 22, 2010·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·J B YoderLuke J Harmon
Jun 30, 2010·Ecology Letters·James RosindellRampal S Etienne
Oct 12, 2010·PLoS Biology·Hélène MorlonJoshua B Plotkin
Aug 11, 2011·The American Naturalist·David Tilman
Sep 13, 2012·PLoS Biology·Daniel L RaboskyMichael E Alfaro
Sep 15, 2012·The American Naturalist·Rampal S Etienne, Bart Haegeman
Jan 11, 2013·Systematic Biology·Julia J DayTimo Moritz
Oct 15, 2013·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·R Alexander Pyron, Frank T Burbrink
Apr 20, 2014·Science·Simon J WilliamsJonathan D G Jones
Jun 13, 2014·Ecology Letters·Nelsy Rocío Pinto-SánchezJohn J Wiens
Sep 17, 2014·The American Naturalist·Tanja StadlerFolmer Bokma

Citations

Oct 2, 2015·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Juan L CantalapiedraJorge Morales
Mar 16, 2016·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Charles R Marshall, Tiago B Quental
Mar 16, 2016·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Thomas H G EzardMichael J Benton
Mar 16, 2016·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Olivier MissaHélène Morlon
Mar 17, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jose L Panero, Bonnie S Crozier
Mar 5, 2016·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Paola Pulido-Santacruz, Jason T Weir
Jun 18, 2016·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·H Christoph LiedtkeSimon P Loader
Sep 5, 2016·Systematic Biology·James S AlbertScott M Duke-Sylvester
Nov 9, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Andrew M BushRichard K Bambach
Jan 26, 2016·PLoS Biology·R B J BensonGraeme T Lloyd
May 26, 2017·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Mathias M PiresTiago B Quental
Mar 11, 2017·Royal Society Open Science·James P Herrera
Jun 22, 2017·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·James T Stroud
Apr 8, 2018·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Liang Xu, Rampal S Etienne
May 8, 2018·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Ingrid OlivaresMichael Kessler
Sep 9, 2017·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Yanis Bouchenak-Khelladi, H Peter Linder
Mar 2, 2018·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Michael FootePeter M Sadler
Sep 16, 2017·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·James P Herrera
Jul 29, 2018·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Leonel Herrera-AlsinaRampal S Etienne
Apr 2, 2019·Artificial Life·Emily L DolsonCharles Ofria
Oct 25, 2017·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Daniel L Rabosky
Apr 26, 2020·Systematic Biology·Antonin Machac
Aug 26, 2020·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Xia Hua, Lindell Bromham
Jun 20, 2018·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Alex L PigotJoseph A Tobias
Feb 20, 2020·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jennifer Viegas
Jul 2, 2020·Ecology and Evolution·Nicolai M NürkMichael D Pirie
Mar 10, 2017·The New Phytologist·Wolf L EiserhardtWilliam J Baker
Jun 2, 2017·Nature·Dolph Schluter, Matthew W Pennell
Jul 4, 2018·Nature Communications·Marta A Jarzyna, Walter Jetz
Oct 13, 2017·PloS One·Melanie J Monroe, Folmer Bokma
Mar 16, 2018·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Isaac WinklerAndrew A Forbes
Feb 20, 2019·Nature Ecology & Evolution·R A CloseR J Butler
Feb 20, 2019·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Petr Keil, Jonathan M Chase
Aug 16, 2017·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Luis ValenteLiliana M Dávalos
Apr 11, 2019·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·Luke J HarmonBlake Matthews
Apr 25, 2020·Science·R A CloseR J Butler
Nov 4, 2020·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Fabien L CondamineAlexandre Antonelli
Dec 12, 2020·Science·Hélène Morlon
Feb 11, 2021·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Jeff J ShiDaniel L Rabosky
Mar 30, 2017·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Xin ChenFrank T Burbrink
Feb 22, 2017·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Marjorie G WeberBlake Matthews

Related Concepts

Local
Anatomical Space Structure
Research Study
Relenza
Analysis
Phylogenetic Analysis
Species

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Current Biology : CB
Jonathan M Levine
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved