Species-specific differences in C-5 sterol desaturase function influence the outcome of azole antifungal exposure.

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Arturo Luna-TapiaGlen E Palmer

Abstract

The azole antifungals inhibit sterol 14α-demethylase (S14DM), leading to depletion of cellular ergosterol and the synthesis of an aberrant sterol-diol that disrupts membrane function. In Candida albicans, sterol diol production is catalyzed by the C-5 sterol desaturase enzyme encoded by ERG3. Accordingly, mutations that inactivate ERG3 enable the fungus to grow in the presence of the azoles. The purpose of this study was to compare the propensity of C-5 sterol desaturases from different fungal pathogens to produce the toxic diol upon S14DM inhibition and thus contribute to antifungal efficacy. The coding sequences of ERG3 homologs from C. albicans (CaERG3), Candida glabrata (CgERG3), Candida auris (CaurERG3), Cryptococcus neoformans (CnERG3), Aspergillus fumigatus (AfERG3A-C) and Rhizopus delemar (RdERG3A/B) were expressed in a C. albicans erg3Δ/Δ mutant to facilitate comparative analysis. All but one of the Erg3p-like proteins (AfErg3C) at least partially restored sterol C-5 desaturase activity, and to corresponding degrees rescued the stress and hyphal growth defects of the C. albicans erg3Δ/Δ mutant - confirming functional equivalence. Each C-5 desaturase enzyme conferred markedly different responses to fluconazole exposure ...Continue Reading

References

Oct 31, 1998·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·E K ManavathuP H Chandrasekar
Jun 10, 2010·FEMS Microbiology Letters·Tiffany M Joffrion, Melanie T Cushion
Aug 17, 2011·Nature Reviews. Microbiology·Peter E Sudbery
May 3, 2014·Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine·Terry Roemer, Damian J Krysan
May 23, 2020·Chemical Reviews·Yunjin LeeLeah E Cowen

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