Apr 29, 2020

Resolving an underrepresented circulating tumor cell population in lung cancer enabled by Hexokinase 2 analysis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
L. YangWei


Unlike other epithelial cancer types, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are less frequently detected in the peripheral blood of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients using epithelial marker-based detection approaches, despite the aggressive nature of NSCLC. Here we demonstrate hexokinase-2 (HK2) as a metabolic function-associated marker for detection of CTCs, with significantly improved detection rates and high specificity, in 33 NSCLC patients. Use of the HK2 marker identified underrepresented cytokeratin-negative (HK2high/CKneg) CTCs present in many blood samples but rarely detected in pleural effusions or cerebrospinal fluids of NSCLC patients. HK2high/CKneg CTCs exhibited smaller sizes but consistent copy number variation profiles compared to CKpos CTCs. Surprisingly, CK expression levels were found to be independent of CTC epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) status as measured by single-cell transcriptome profiling, challenging the long-standing association between CK expression and EMT. Our approach improves sensitivity of CTC detection in NSCLC and can potentially resolve a more complete spectrum of CTCs, regardless of their CK expression levels or epithelial traits.

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

GTS gene
Other antipsychotics in ATC
Adverse Effects
Psychological Reinforcement
Antipsychotic Agents
Structure of Articular Surface of Bone
Dopamine Measurement

Related Feeds

Antipsychotic-Induced Weight Gain

Antipsychotic-induced weight gain (aiwg) is a common adverse effect of this treatment, particularly with second-generation antipsychotics, and it is a major health problem around the world. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to AIWG.

Antipsychotic Drugs

Antipsychotic drugs are a class of medication primarily used to manage psychosis (including delusions, hallucinations, paranoia or disordered thought), principally in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Discover the latest research on antipsychotic drugs here

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved