Jul 19, 1976

Specific fluorescent derivatives of macromolecules. Reaction of dansyl fluoride with serine proteinases

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
W L Vaz, G Schoellmann


5-Dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonyl fluoride was evaluated as a reagent for the selective labeling of proteins. In a comparative study with Dns-chloride a greatly increased selectivity of the fluoride was found with a number of proteins. The reaction of Dns-fluoride with alpha-chymotrypsin, subtilisin Carlsberg and trypsin was found to be highly specific, resulting in a stoichiometric incorporation of the Dns label with concomitant loss of enzymatic activity. The reaction of Dns-chloride with the same proteinases is unspecific. Evidence was obtained to indicate that reaction of the serine esterases with Dns-fluoride occurs exclusively at the active serine residue. The stability of Dns-fluoride labeled chymotrypsin was investigated. The conjugate was found to be fairly stable in the pH range from 3 to 9 at 25 degrees C and is therefore suitable for fluorescence investigations of the chymotrypsin active-site. Molar extinction coefficients for Dns-labeled serine proteinases were determined using radiocative label.

Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Fluoride Measurement
Peptide Hydrolases
Dansyl Compounds
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Subtilisin Carlsberg
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.