Apr 1, 1976

Specific positions involved in enzyme catalyzed covalent binding of benzo[a]pyrene to poly(G)

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
T MeehanM Calvin


Covalent binding of benzo[a]pyrene to poly(G) was studied with the use of a radioactive assay and specifically labeled substrates to define the role of the 1, 3- and 6-positions of the hydrocarbon during this process. Binding was shown to be dependent on microsomes, NADPH, O2 and poly(G). 7, 8-Benzoflavone and 2', 2'-diethylaminoethyl-2, 2-diphenyl valerate were inhibitory w.hereas modulators of epoxide hydrase activity had little effect. 3H and 14C studies suggested a possible loss of one to two protons. Incorporation of [6-3H1]benzo[a]pyrene provided evidence that the 6-position of the hydrocarbon was not metabolized during covalent attachment to poly(G) and, furthermore, results with [1, 3, 6-3H]benzo[a]pyrene suggest that the 1- and 3-positions may not be involved either. After scaling up of the standard assay 20-fold, characterization of the tritiated BaP-poly(G) complex was carried out by hydrolysis and subsequent chromatography. Thin-layer chromatography of the isolated hydrolysis products treated with HCl or alkaline phosphatase indicated that the complex formed between BaP and poly(G) was covalently linked and composed of hydrocarbon-nucleotide(s).

  • References16
  • Citations18

Mentioned in this Paper

Poly G
Microsomes, Liver
9,10-Epoxypalmitic Acid Hydrase

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.