PMID: 2790048Oct 2, 1989Paper

Specificity and kinetics of hexose transport in Trypanosoma brucei

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
R S EisenthalG Holman


Transport of 6-deoxy-D-glucose was studied in Trypanosoma brucei in order to characterise the kinetics of hexose transport in this organism using a nonphosphorylated sugar. Kinetic parameters for efflux and entry, measured using zero-trans and equilibrium exchange protocols, indicate that the transporter is probably kinetically symmetrical. Comparison of the kinetic constants of D-glucose metabolism with those for 6-deoxy-D-glucose transport shows that transport across the plasma membrane is likely to be the rate-limiting step of glucose utilisation. The transport rate is nevertheless very fast and 6-deoxy-D-glucose, at concentrations below Km, enters the cells with a half filling time of less than 2 s at 20 degrees C. Thus the high metabolic capacity of these organisms is matched by a high transport rate. The structural requirements for the trypanosome hexose transporter were explored by measuring inhibition constants (Ki) for a range of D-glucose analogues including fluoro and deoxy sugars as well as epimeric hexoses. The relative affinities shown by these analogues indicated H-bonds from the carrier to the C-3, C-4 and C-5 hydroxyl oxygens and from the C-1 and C-3 hydroxyl hydrogens to the binding site. Hydrophobic interacti...Continue Reading


Aug 2, 1984·Nature·F A Quiocho, N K Vyas
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