Apr 25, 1976

Specificity of alpha-chymotrypsin with exposed carboxyl groups blocked

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
P E JohnsonK G Allen

Abstract

The 15 exposed carboxyl groups of alpha-chymotrypsin were modified with glycine ethyl ester at low pH using barbodiimide reagent. The specificity of the modified enzyme (Chy-15) was studied over the pH range of 4 to 9 with both N-acylated and non-N-acylated amino acid esters. The modified enzyme had lower reactivity toward N-acylated esters than non-N-acylated esters compared to the native enzyme. Typical substances such as acetyl- and benzoyl-L-tyrosine ethyl esters retained 4 and 9% activity, whereas phenylalanine ethyl ester was slightly more reactive with the modified than with the native enzyme. The pH-rate profiles of acetyl-L-phenylalanine ethyl ester and tryptophan ethyl and benzyl esters were investigated in detail. Analysis of these profiles revealed three pKa values of approximately 5, 7, and 9 related to a functional carboxyl, imidazoyl, and an amino group, respectively. Since similar pKa values occur for the native enzyme, modification did not block the carboxyl corresponding to pKa 5. A mechanism is proposed for catalysis which includes both the protonated and unprotonated form of the imidazoyl (His-57) and utilizes water rather than a carboxyl (Asp-102) as the proton sink.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tryptophan
Glycine, Monopotasssium Salt
Alpha-chymotrypsin
Glycine
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Glycine (Plant)
Avazyme
Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System
Esters
Amino Acid [EPC]

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