Specificity of antipeptide antibodies produced against V2 and V3 regions of the external envelope of human immunodeficiency virus type 2

Molecular Immunology
Tahar BabasE Bahraoui

Abstract

The V2 region of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) and V3 region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) have been reported to be neutralization epitopes. We analysed the corresponding regions in HIV-2. Synthetic peptides modeling the V2 (aa 149-168) and V3 (CV3: aa 298-315 and NV3: aa 306-324) regions of the HIV-2 external envelope glycoprotein were coupled to KLH and used as immunogens in rabbits. We characterized the resulting antiV2 and antiV3 antibodies for their ability to recognize native and deglycosylated HIV-2 envelope glycoprotein, to block gp-CD4 interaction and to inhibit syncytium formation in vitro. The three synthetic peptides induced antibodies able to recognize specifically the native HIV-2 envelope glycoprotein with a significant avidity (K0.5 between 6 x 10(-7) and 8 x 10(-9) M). Interestingly, the reactivity of antibodies produced against the V2 peptide, which contains two potential sites of N-glycosylation, was higher against the fully deglycosylated than glycosylated HIV-2 external envelope glycoprotein (gp105). The antipeptide antibodies were used to investigate the topography of these regions in the preformed gp-CD4 complex in indirect immunofluorescence assays. The V2 and V3 regions in the com...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Nov 13, 2009·Journal of Peptide Science : an Official Publication of the European Peptide Society·Fabrice GastonElmostafa Bahraoui
May 30, 1998·The Journal of Peptide Research : Official Journal of the American Peptide Society·B Belhadj Jrad, E Bahraoui

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