Sep 1, 1989

Specificity of monoclonal antibodies in local passive immunization against Streptococcus mutans

Clinical and Experimental Immunology
J K MaT Lehner

Abstract

Local oral passive immunization in human subjects with a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) raised against the 185-kD antigen I/II from S. mutans significantly reduced or prevented oral colonization of an exogenous strain of the organism. In subjects sham-immunized with either saline or an unrelated MoAb, however, significantly greater proportions of S. mutans persisted for a longer duration than in those immunized with the specific anti-streptococcal MoAb. Recolonization of indigenous S. mutans after this organism was reduced to undetectable levels by an antimicrobial agent has also been completely prevented with specific MoAb. Indeed, S. mutans was not detected for a period of over 1 year, as compared with recolonization within 10-82 days in the control subjects. The specificity of MoAb in preventing colonization of the streptococci was studied with four MoAb. This revealed that: (1) the sub-class of antibody is not an essential factor, as both MoAb Guy's 1 and 13 prevented colonization, although Guy's 1 is an IgG2a and Guy's 13 is an IgG1 class of antibody; (2) serotype specificity is important, as MoAb Guy's 9, which only recognizes S. sobrinus (serotypes d and g), does not prevent colonisation by S. mutans (serotype c); (3) neithe...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
Adhesins, Bacterial
Salicylhydroxamic acid
Antigenic Specificity
Streptococcus
Oral bacteria
Staphylococcal Protein A
Antigens, Bacterial
Immunization Domain

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Antibody Specificity

Antibodies produced by B cells are highly specific for antigen as a result of random gene recombination and somatic hypermutation and affinity maturation. As the main effector of the humoral immune system, antibodies can neutralize foreign cells. Find the latest research on antibody specificity here.