Sep 1, 1989

Specificity of monoclonal antibodies in local passive immunization against Streptococcus mutans

Clinical and Experimental Immunology
J K MaT Lehner


Local oral passive immunization in human subjects with a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) raised against the 185-kD antigen I/II from S. mutans significantly reduced or prevented oral colonization of an exogenous strain of the organism. In subjects sham-immunized with either saline or an unrelated MoAb, however, significantly greater proportions of S. mutans persisted for a longer duration than in those immunized with the specific anti-streptococcal MoAb. Recolonization of indigenous S. mutans after this organism was reduced to undetectable levels by an antimicrobial agent has also been completely prevented with specific MoAb. Indeed, S. mutans was not detected for a period of over 1 year, as compared with recolonization within 10-82 days in the control subjects. The specificity of MoAb in preventing colonization of the streptococci was studied with four MoAb. This revealed that: (1) the sub-class of antibody is not an essential factor, as both MoAb Guy's 1 and 13 prevented colonization, although Guy's 1 is an IgG2a and Guy's 13 is an IgG1 class of antibody; (2) serotype specificity is important, as MoAb Guy's 9, which only recognizes S. sobrinus (serotypes d and g), does not prevent colonisation by S. mutans (serotype c); (3) neithe...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
Adhesins, Bacterial
Salicylhydroxamic acid
Antigenic Specificity
Oral bacteria
Staphylococcal Protein A
Antigens, Bacterial
Immunization Domain

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