PMID: 7940093Jul 1, 1994Paper

Spinal extradural arteriovenous malformation presenting with recurrent hemorrhage and intermittent paraplegia: case report and review of the literature

Surgical Neurology
R R SharmaC O'Brien


Symptomatic spinal extradural arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are uncommon. They usually present with slowly progressive myelopathy and/or radiculopathy and only rarely with spinal extradural hemorrhage (SEH). Histopathologic features of a true spinal extradural AVM causing an overt SEH have only previously been described in four cases. A further case of a histologically confirmed spinal extradural AVM causing SEH in a 50-year-old otherwise medically normal Caucasian woman is presented. Recurrent hemorrhage resulted in intermittent paraplegia and acute chest/shoulder pain--diagnosed initially as hysteria. Interesting sequential myelographic, computed tomographic, and magnetic resonance imaging studies are presented, and the literature on spinal extradural AVMs presenting with SEH is reviewed.


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