Split dose recovery studies using homologous recombination deficient gene knockout chicken B lymphocyte cells

Journal of Radiation Research
B S Satish RaoH Utsumi

Abstract

To understand the role of proteins involved in DSB repair modulating SLD recovery, chicken B lymphoma (DT 40) cell lines either proficient or deficient in RAD52, XRCC2, XRCC3, RAD51C and RAD51D were subjected to fractionated irradiation and their survival curves charted. Survival curves of both WT DT40 and RAD52 (-/-) cells had a big shoulder while all the other cells exhibited small shoulders. However, at the higher doses of radiation, RAD51C(-/-) cells displayed hypersensitivity comparable to the data obtained for the homologous recombination deficient RAD54(-/-) cells. Repair of SLD was measured as an increase in survival after a split dose irradiation with an interval of incubation between the radiation doses. All the cell lines (parental DT40 and genetic knockout cell lines viz., RAD52(-/-), XRCC2(-/-), XRCC3(-/-) RAD51C(-/-) and RAD51D(-/-)) used in this study demonstrated a typical split-dose recovery capacity with a specific peak, which varied depending on the cell type. The maximum survival of WT DT40 and RAD52(-/-) was reached at about 1-2 hours after the first dose of radiation and then decreased to a minimum thereafter (5h). The increase in the survival peaked once again by about 8 hours. The survival trends observe...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
B-Lymphocytes
Cell Survival
Genotoxic Stress
Base Excision Repair
DNA Helix Destabilizing Proteins
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Gray Units
Recombination, Genetic
Dose Fractionation

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