Spontaneous epileptiform activity in a rat model of bilateral subcortical band heterotopia

Epilepsia
Surajit SahuJean-Bernard Manent

Abstract

Malformations of cortical development are common causes of intellectual disability and epilepsy, yet there is a crucial lack of relevant preclinical models associating seizures and cortical malformations. Here, we describe a novel rat model with bilateral subcortical band heterotopia (SBH) and examine whether this model develops spontaneous epileptic seizures. To generate bilateral SBH in rats, we combined RNAi-mediated knockdown of Dcx and in utero electroporation with a tripolar electrode configuration enabling simultaneous transfection of the two brain hemispheres. To determine whether bilateral SBH leads to epileptiform activity, rats of various ages were implanted for telemetric electrocorticographic recordings and histopathological examination was carried out at the end of the recording sessions. By 2 months, rats with bilateral SBH showed nonconvulsive spontaneous seizures consisting of spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) with dominant frequencies in the alpha and theta bands and secondarily in higher-frequency bands. SWDs occurred during both the dark and the light period, but were more frequent during quiet awake state than during sleep. Also, SWDs were more frequent and lasted longer at older ages. No sex differences wer...Continue Reading

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Citations

Nov 5, 2019·Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience·Kalliopi MoustakiJean-Bernard Manent
Jan 23, 2021·Science·Esther KlinglerSilvia Cappello
Mar 18, 2020·Neurobiology of Disease·Denise K GrosenbaughHoward P Goodkin
Mar 4, 2021·Medicina·Ioan Alexandru FlorianIoana Berindan-Neagoe

Methods Mentioned

BETA
imaging techniques
transfection

Related Concepts

Cerebral Cortex
Epilepsy
Ethosuximide
Sleep
Treatment Protocols
Cerebral Hemisphere Structure (Body Structure)
Bilateral
Size
Medical Examination
M Protein, multiple myeloma

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