PMID: 37609May 25, 1979

Spontaneous platelet aggregation in cerebrovascular disease II. Further characterisation of the platelet defect

Thrombosis and Haemostasis
E M HoogendijkJ W ten Cate


A group of 186 patients with Transient Ischaemic Attacks (TIA) or cerebral infarction (CI) was found to demonstrate in vitro Spontaneous Platelet Aggregation (SPA) in 39% of those studied. Of the 176 normal subjects studied the incidence on in vitro SPA was found to be 5%. Further investigation of the phenomenon of SPA revealed that: 1. it is associated with ADP-hyperaggregability, i. e. the threshold concentration to induce second wave aggregation is decreased; 2. it is dependant on the increase in pH which occurs in platelet-rich plasma stirring in an aggregometer while concurrent ADP-hyperaggregability is independant of this change in pH; 3. it is associated with malondialdehyde production and the release of endogenous 5-hydroxytryptamine; and that 4. in addition Km and Vmax values for [14c]-5HT incorporation are normal; and that 5. no gross abnormalities of the platelet membrane glycoproteins were apparent although occasionally glycoprotein III was found to be increased. This study demonstrates abnormal platelet behaviour in patients with TIA and CI where the enzyme system involved in thromboxane production is sufficiently stimulated, by stirring alone, to induce aggregation of platelets and the release reaction. Acetylsali...Continue Reading

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