DOI: 10.1101/509687Jan 2, 2019Paper

Spring-loaded inverted pendulum goes through two contraction-extension cycles during the single stance phase of walking

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Gabriel AntoniakBhandawat, Vikas


Despite the overall complexity of legged locomotion, the motion of the center of mass (COM) itself is relatively simple, and can be qualitatively described by simple mechanical models. The spring-loaded inverted pendulum (SLIP) is one such model, and describes both the COM motion and the ground reaction forces (GRFs) during running. Similarly, walking can be modeled by two SLIP-like legs (double SLIP or DSLIP). However, DSLIP has many limitations and is unlikely to serve as a quantitative model for walking. As a first step to obtaining a quantitative model for walking, we explored the ability of SLIP to model the single stance phase of walking across the entire range of walking speeds. We show that SLIP can be employed to quantitatively model the single stance phase except for two exceptions: first, it predicts larger horizontal GRFs than empirically observed. A new model, angular and radial spring-loaded inverted pendulum (ARSLIP), can overcome this deficit. Second, even the single stance phase has active elements, and therefore a quantitative model of locomotion would require active elements. Surprisingly, the leg spring undergoes a contraction-extension-contraction-extension (CECE) during walking; this cycling is partly resp...Continue Reading

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