Mar 27, 2001

Stability and Control of Human Trunk Movement During Walking

Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Q. WuM. Alexander

Abstract

A mathematical model has been developed to study the control mechanisms of human trunk movement during walking. The trunk is modeled as a base-excited inverted pendulum with two-degrees of rotational freedom. The base point, corresponding to the bony landmark of the sacrum, can move in three-dimensional space in a general way. Since the stability of upright posture is essential for human walking, a controller has been designed such that the stability of the pendulum about the upright position is guaranteed. The control laws are developed based on Lyapunov's stability theory and include feedforward and linear feedback components. It is found that the feedforward component plays a critical role in keeping postural stability, and the linear feedback component, (resulting from viscoelastic function of the musculoskeletal system) can effectively duplicate the pattern of trunk movement. The mathematical model is validated by comparing the simulation results with those based on gait measurements performed in the Biomechanics Laboratory at the University of Manitoba.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biomechanics
Musculoskeletal System
Posture brand of calcium phosphate, tribasic
Entire Sacrum
Bone Structure of Sacrum
Entire Musculoskeletal System
Structure of Sacrum

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