Nov 20, 1998

Stability and refractoriness of the high catalase activity in the oxidative-stress-resistant fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe

Folia Microbiologica
K Sigler, G Gille

Abstract

Effect of oxygen and metabolic substrates (glucose, ethanol) on the catalase activity of anaerobically grown Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells was assessed and compared with that of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in order to determine the catalase activity regulation in S. pombe. In contrast to S. cerevisiae, the total catalase activity of permeabilized S. pombe anaerobically grown cells is higher than that found in aerobically grown cells, is stable and constant under all circumstances (i.e. it is not induced by oxygen and/or substrates), and only a negligible part (3-5%) of it is contributed by de novo protein synthesis during aeration with or without substrates. The patent catalase activity of intact cells rises 2-fold during 6-h aeration without substrate and 7-8-fold in the presence of glucose or ethanol. The increase is not inhibited by cycloheximide and is thus not due to de novo catalase synthesis, but may reflect enhanced transport of catalase to the cell surface or a permeabilization of the plasma membrane during the aeration.

  • References7
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Ethanol
Ethanol Measurement
Saccharomyces cerevisiae allergenic extract
Aerobiosis
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Oxidative Stress
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Protein Biosynthesis
Anhydrous Dextrose

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.