Oct 18, 2018

Staged internal plate fixation of severe lower extremity fractures that use a temporary external fixator for the initial treatment as an intraoperative retention tool: a technical note

Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Yoto OhAtsushi Okawa


Staged treatment for severe lower extremity fractures is coming into widespread use, and some reports have described internal fixation (IF) using a temporary external fixator for primary care as an intraoperative retention tool. However, the infection risk with this procedure has not been examined sufficiently. To our knowledge, this article is the first report focusing exclusively on this specific surgical technique. A key point of our developed protocol for internal plate fixation with this technique to avoid postoperative infection is a precisely structured sterilization procedure, which required multiple changes of sterile surgical gloves. In all 19 fractures treated with our set protocol, postoperative infection did not occur. In this regard, however, a goal of definitive IF at the time of initial treatment is essential for this specific procedure. This technique could help orthopaedic trauma surgeons to import a temporary external fixator into the operative field for definitive IF, with less concern regarding risk of infection.

  • References12
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Primary Health Care
Orthopedic Surgeon
Bone Plates
External Fixation Devices
Sample Fixation
Incidence Studies
Postoperative Infection
Diagnostic Techniques, Surgical
Fracture Fixation, Internal
Lower Extremity

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.