PMID: 108204Mar 1, 1979

Staphylococcus aureus opsonization mediated via the classical and alternative complement pathways. A kinetic study using MgEGTA chelated serum and human sera deficient in IgG and complement factors C1s and C2

Immunology
H A VerbrughJ Verhoef

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus opsonization was studied kinetically by: (1) determination of the uptake of [3H]-thymidine labelled bacteria by human PMN's; (2) fluorescent anti-C3 and anti-IgG staining of opsonized bacteria; and (3) measuring bacterial complement consumption. Maximum opsonization in normal serum occurred within 5 min of incubation. About 80% of staphylococci were then taken up by PMN's, and IgG and C3b could be detected on the bacterial surface. In the absence of a functional classical complement pathway, as in sera deficient in C1s and C2 and in MgEGTA chelated serum, maximal opsonization was only achieved after 30--60 min incubation. Opsonization in IgG deficient serum occurred at a rate similar to that found in C2 deficient or MgEGTA chelated serum. Opsonization was greatly enhanced when sera were reconstituted. It was concluded that in IgG deficient serum Staphylococcus aureus opsonization is mediated via the alternative complement pathway. Dilution of normal serum primarily affected the classical complement pathway, resulting in a decreased rate of opsonization. In normal serum IgG did not appear to be a rate-limiting factor. S. Aureus opsonization was best studied by the phagocytosis assay and the fluorescent-anti...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Complement Activation
Complement Fixation Tests
Complement Pathway, Alternative
Complement Pathway, Classical
Complement component C1
Complement 2
Egtazic Acid Sodium Salt
Polyglobin
Magnesium
Neutrophil Band Cells

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