Apr 11, 2020

Impaired HSF1 transactivation drives proteostasis collapse and senescent phenotype of IPF lung fibroblast.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. Cuevas-MoraFreddy Romero

Abstract

Loss of proteostasis and cellular senescence are key hallmarks of aging. Recent studies suggest that lung fibroblasts from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) show features of cellular senescence, decline in heat shock proteins (HSPs) expression and impaired protein homeostasis (proteostasis). However, direct cause-effect relationships are still mostly unknown. In this study, we sought to investigate whether the heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), a major transcription factor that regulates the cellular HSPs network and cytoplasmic proteostasis, contributes to cellular senescence in lung fibroblasts. We found that IPF lung fibroblasts showed an upregulation in the expression of various cellular senescence markers, including {beta}-galactosidase activity (SA-{beta}-gal) staining, the DNA damage marker {gamma}H2Ax, the cell cycle inhibitor protein p21, and multiple senescence-associated secretory proteins (SASP), as well as upregulation of collagen 1a1, fibronectin and alpha-smooth muscle actin (-SMA) gene expression compared with age-matched controls. These changes were associated with impaired proteostasis, as judged by an increase in levels of p-HSF1ser307 and HSF1K298 sumo, downregulation of HSPs expression, and increased cellular pr...Continue Reading

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Primates
Nucleotides
Statistical Technique
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DNA Sequence

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