Diurnal metabolic regulation of isoflavones and soyasaponins in soybean roots

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
H. MatsudaAkifumi Sugiyama

Abstract

Isoflavones and soyasaponins are major specialized metabolites accumulated in soybean roots and secreted into the rhizosphere. Unlike the biosynthetic pathway, the transporters involved in metabolite secretion remain unknown. The developmental regulation of isoflavone and soyasaponin secretions has been recently reported, but the diurnal regulation of their biosynthesis and secretion still needs to be further studied. To address these challenges, we conducted transcriptome and metabolite analysis using hydroponically grown soybean plants at 6-hour intervals for 48 hours in a 12-h-light/12-h-dark condition. Isoflavone and soyasaponin biosynthetic genes showed opposite patterns in the root tissues; that is, the former genes are highly expressed in daytime, while the latter ones are strongly induced at nighttime. GmMYB176 encoding a transcription factor of isoflavone biosynthesis was upregulated from ZT0 (6:00 am) to ZT6 (12:00 am), followed by the induction of isoflavone biosynthetic genes at ZT6. The isoflavone aglycone content in the roots accordingly increased from ZT6 to ZT18 (0:00 am), accompanied by an increase in glucoside levels that peaked at ZT0. The isoflavone aglycone content in root exudates was kept consistent throu...Continue Reading

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