PMID: 14138Feb 10, 1977

Steady state kinetics and binding of eukaryotic cytochromes c with yeast cytochrome c peroxidase

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
C H KangE Margoliash


1. The steady state kinetics for the oxidation of ferrocytochrome c by yeast cytochrome c peroxidase are biphasic under most conditions. The same biphasic kinetics were observed for yeast iso-1, yeast iso-2, horse, tuna, and cicada cytochromes c. On changing ionic strength, buffer anions, and pH, the apparent Km values for the initial phase (Km1) varied relatively little while the corresponding apparent maximal velocities varied over a much larger range. 2. The highest apparent Vmax1 for horse cytochrome c is attained at relatively low pH (congruent to 6.0) and low ionic strength (congruent to 0.05), while maximal activity for the yeast protein is at higher pH (congruent to 7.0) and higher ionic strength (congruent to 0.2), with some variations depending on the nature of the buffering ions. 3. Direct binding studies showed that cytochrome c binds to two sites on the peroxidase, under conditions that give biphasic kinetics. Under those ionic conditions that yield monophasic kinetics, binding occurred at only one site. At the optimal buffer concentrations for both yeast and horse cytochromes c, the KD1 and KD2 values approximate the Km1 and Km2 values. At ionic strengths below optimal, binding becomes too strong and above optimal...Continue Reading

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