Aug 12, 1976

Steady-state studies of the actin-activated adenosine triphosphatase activity of myosin

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
L H Schliselfeld

Abstract

Reconstituted actomyosin (ATP phosphohydrolase, EC 3.6.1.3) (0.400 mg F-actin/mg myosin) in 10.0 muM ATP loses 96% of its specific ATPase activity when its reaction concentration is decreased from 42.0 mug/ml down to 0.700 mug/ml. The loss of specific activity at the very low enzyme concentrations is prevented by the addition of more F-actin to 17.6 mug/ml. It is concluded that at low actomyosin concentrations the complex dissociates into free myosin with a very low specific ATPase activity and free F-actin with no ATPase. The dissociation of the essential low molecular weight subunits of myosin from the heavy chains at very low actomyosin concentrations may be a contributing factor. Actomyosin has its maximum specific activity at pH 7.8-8.2. The Km for ATP is 9.4 muM, which is at least 20-fold greater than myosin's Km for ATP. The actin-activated ATPase of myosin follows hyperbolic kinetics with varying F-actin concentrations. The Km values for F-actin are 0.110 muM (4.95 mug/ml) at pH 7.4 and 0.241 muM (10.8 mug/ml) at pH 7.8. The actin-activated maximum turnover numbers for myosin are 9.3 s-1 at pH 7.4 and 11.6 s-1 at pH 7.8. The actomyosin ATPase is inhibited by KCl. This KCl inhibition is not competitive with respect to F-...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Adenosine Triphosphatases
Actins
N-Actin
Actomyosin Location
F-Actin
Chinchilla Rabbits
Slow-K
Hydrolase
Filamentous Actin Location
Metabolic Inhibition

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