Apr 1, 1979

Stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase activity in Novikoff hepatoma

Lipids
M R Prasad, V C Joshi

Abstract

The activities of microsomal stearoyl-CoA desaturation, NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase, NADH-cytochrome c reductase, and the content of cytochrome b5 were similar in livers of normal and host rats. On the other hand, stearoyl-CoA desaturation activity was absent in Novikoff hepatoma. The activities of NADH-cytochrome b5 and NADH-cytochrome c reductases in the hepatoma microsomes were 4.8% and 2.2%, respectively, of those in normal liver. Furthermore, in hepatoma microsomes, cytochrome b5 was absent. An active stearoyl-CoA desaturation was reconstituted only on addition of both cytochrome b5 and the terminal desaturase enzyme to the hepatoma microsomes. These results indicated that a complete absence of cytochrome b5 and terminal desaturase is responsible for the lack of stearoyl-CoA desaturation in Novikoff hepatoma microsomes.

Mentioned in this Paper

Cyb5a
Desaturase
Acyl CoA Desaturases
Microsomes
Liver Carcinoma
NADH
Hepatoma, Novikoff
Microsomes, Liver
Cytochromes
stearoyl-coenzyme A

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.