Stem cell therapy and its potential role in pituitary disorders

Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Montserrat Lara-VelazquezAlfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa

Abstract

The pituitary gland is one of the key components of the endocrine system. Congenital or acquired alterations can mediate destruction of cells in the gland leading to hormonal dysfunction. Even though pharmacological treatment for pituitary disorders is available, exogenous hormone replacement is neither curative nor sustainable. Thus, alternative therapies to optimize management and improve quality of life are desired. An alternative modality to re-establish pituitary function is to promote endocrine cell regeneration through stem cells that can be obtained from the pituitary parenchyma or pluripotent cells. Stem cell therapy has been successfully applied to a plethora of other disorders, and is a promising alternative to hormonal supplementation for resumption of normal hormone homeostasis. In this review, we describe the common causes for pituitary deficiencies and the advances in cellular therapy to restore the physiological pituitary function.

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Citations

Dec 21, 2017·Brain Sciences·Montserrat Lara-VelazquezAlfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa

Related Concepts

Adenohypophyseal Diseases
Pituitary Stalk
Natural Regeneration
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Stem Cell Transplant
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Pharmacotherapy
Hormones
Hypopituitarism
Pituitary Diseases

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