PMID: 38816Jan 1, 1978

Stereochemistry of viminol, a novel central analgesic

Arzneimittel-Forschung
D ChiarinoC Veneziani

Abstract

The synthesis of the stereoisomers of the centrally acting analgesic 1-[1-(2-chlorobenzyl)-pyrrol-2-yl]-2-di-sec.-butylamino-ethanol (viminol) is described. Their absolute configuration has been shown by comparing the circular dichroism (CD) curves with those of some phenyl analogs: for one of the viminol stereoisomers the postulated configurational assignment has been recently confirmed by an X-ray analysis. The pharmacological properties shared by the viminol stereoisomers are also described. The R,R configuration of the sec.-butyl groups and the S configuration of the hydroxy group appear to be essential for the agonistic effects: analgesia, tolerance and physical dependence in rodents. The S,R,R configurated viminol does not substitute, however, for morphine in monkeys, using the single dose suppression test. S,S or R,S(S,R) configurations of the sec.-butyl groups are associated with antagonistic properties. The binding capacity of the viminol stereoisomers to the opiate receptors and their influence on the acetylcholine release from the intestinal cholinergic terminals electrically stimulated are also described.

Related Concepts

Molecular Stereochemistry
Structure-Activity Relationship
Ethanolamines
Opioids
Opioid Receptor

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.