May 23, 2020

Stereoselective Reductions of 3-Substituted Cyclobutanones: a Comparison Between Experiment and Theory

The Journal of Organic Chemistry
Xavier DeraetMercedes Alonso


The stereoselective reduction of carbonyls is of key importance in the total synthesis of natural products and in medicinal chemistry. Nevertheless, models for rationalizing the stereoselectivity of the hydride reductions of cyclobutanones towards cyclobutanols are largely lacking, unlike cyclohexanone reductions. In order to elucidate the factors that control the stereoselectivity of these reductions, we have investigated the effect of the reaction temperature, solvent, substituent and type of reducing agent using a synergistic experimental-computational approach. On the experimental side, the hydride reduction of 3-substituted cyclobutanones was proven to be highly selective for the formation of the cis alcohol (> 90%) irrespective of the size of the hydride reagent. The pronounced selectivity can be further enhanced by lowering the reaction temperature or decreasing solvent polarity. On the computational side, DFT and noncovalent interaction analysis reveal that torsional strain plays a major role in the preference for the anti-facial hydride approach, consistent with the Felkin-Anh model. In the presence of the benzyloxy substituent, the high selectivity for the cis isomer is also driven by repulsive electrostatic interacti...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Research Study
Cell Polarity
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.