PMID: 6491220Sep 1, 1984

Stiffness of small-bone external fixation methods: an experimental study

The Journal of Hand Surgery
S A Stuchin, F J Kummer


A variety of small-bone external fixation methods were evaluated to determine bending and torsional stiffness. Several methods of external pin stabilization with bone cement and with a commercial device were used. Among experimental variables examined were: the number of pins, pin diameter, pin length, pin spacing, and pin threading. The most rigid fixation was achieved with four pins held with a wire-reinforced bone cement fixator. Pin diameter was the most significant variable in the determination of stiffness with this configuration.


May 1, 1979·Journal of Biomedical Materials Research·S Saha, M J Kraay
Jul 1, 1979·The Journal of Hand Surgery·J B MassengillM J Schecter
Sep 1, 1978·The Journal of Hand Surgery·G Lister
May 1, 1982·The Journal of Hand Surgery·J B MassengillA Mylod


Jan 1, 1994·Injury·U Büchler
Feb 1, 1986·The Journal of Hand Surgery : Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand·L Rosenberg, M Kon
Nov 19, 2005·The Journal of Hand Surgery : Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand·K Margić
May 8, 1998·The Journal of Hand Surgery : Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand·Y Godwin, P M Arnstein
Feb 13, 2001·The Journal of Hand Surgery : Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand·Y Safoury
Sep 11, 1992·The Journal of Hand Surgery·D AshmeadJ B Jupiter
Jul 18, 2006·Hand Clinics·Renata De KeselFrédéric Schuind
Feb 1, 1991·Foot & Ankle·M J ShereffF J Kummer
Mar 27, 2004·Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research·Elizabeth Anne OuelletteAnna-Lena Makowski

Related Concepts

Bone Cements
Medical Pins
Fracture Fixation
Metacarpal Bone
Tensile Strength

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