Jan 1, 1989

Stimulation by aldosterone of a conductive chloride pathway in toad skin

Biology of the Cell
J CrabbéO Devuyst

Abstract

As a rule, chloride movement (JC1-) across amphibian skin is considered to be passive; this is implied in fact for preparations incubated in Ringer's fluid, since short-circuit current (Isc) is the quantitative expression of net, active sodium transport (JNa+). The nature of the Cl- pathway(s) was investigated by incubating amphibian skin (mostly Bufo marinus) with Cl- present on the epithelial side only, and after blocking JNa+ by combined treatment with ouabain and amiloride. In such conditions, JCl- was found to be equal to (reversed) Isc; furthermore, when JCl- was "translated" in terms of conductance, gCl-, the latter accounted almost quantitatively for transepithelial conductance, g1. When residual intratissue (i.e. intracellular) electronegativity was eliminated by replacing Na+ with K+, JCl- was larger but Isc and JCl- were still found to reflect each other, and gCl- again accounted for most, if not all, of g1. JCl- in the opposite direction, as a result of Cl- being present only on the dermal side, was negligible, and g1 was very low. Thus, in the absence of sodium transport, when experimental conditions are such that a net inward JCl- obtains, the anion apparently flows only through (a) conductive pathway(s). Aldoster...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Amphibians
Biochemical Pathway
Aldosterone Measurement
Bufo marinus
Protoplasm
Sodium Ion Transport
Ouabain
Electric Conductivity
RINGER'S

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