Stimulation of gastrointestinal motility by loperamide in dogs

Digestive Diseases and Sciences
J FioramontiL Bueno


The effects of loperamide on gastrointestinal motility were investigated in conscious fasted dogs chronically fitted with strain-gauge transducers on the antrum, the jejunum, and the colon. Oral administration of loperamide (0.1 mg/kg) induced, after a delay of 20-30 min, a long-lasting (8-12 hr) stimulation of gastrointestinal motility associated with a disorganization of the cyclic activity at the three levels investigated. These effects were reproduced by a subcutaneous administration at the same dose and were antagonized by previous intravenous administration of naloxone or a quaternary opiate antagonist. Intracolonic administration (0.1 mg/kg) stimulated, after a delay of 20-30 min, colonic motility only. Intracerebroventricular loperamide (1 microgram/kg) induced a long-lasting (15-20 hr) inhibition of the gastric motility and a short (2-hr) disorganization of the jejunal motor profile. These data show that oral loperamide stimulates gastrointestinal motility in dogs and involves peripheral opiate receptors.


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