Sep 25, 1976

Stimulation of guanylate cyclase of fibroblasts by free fatty acids

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
D Wallach, I Pastan

Abstract

The membranous guanylate cyclase of Balb 3T3 fibroblasts was stimulated by a fraction of calf serum extracted by ether. Stimulation was observed with Mg2+ as the only bivalent cation in the presence of Lubrol PX. The activator co-chromatographed with free fatty acids, and several of these were found to stimulate guanylate cyclase. Among the saturated fatty acids, myristic acid had the highest activity. Stimulating activity diminished as the hydrocarbon chain of the fatty acid was lengthened or shortened. Introduction of an unsaturated bond enhanced the activation by the longer fatty acids. This pattern of specificity is similar to that observed for the effect of fatty acids on many other membranous functions. Under appropriate conditions fatty acids were found to stimulate guanylate cyclase activity in the absence of Lubrol PX. The relationship among the effects of Mg2+, Mn2+, Lubrol PX, and fatty acids on enzyme activity was examined. On the basis of these studies, it appears that fatty acids stimulate the enzyme by a mechanism different from nonionic detergents or Mn2+.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Structure of Calf of Leg
Tissue Membrane
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Structure-Activity Relationship
Microsomes
Cattle calf (organism)
Bos taurus
Ethers
Etherum, ether, Homeopathic preparation
Guanylate Cyclase Activity

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